(from the Greek word Xeros, meaning “dry”)
A landscape is a Xeriscape if it needs little extra water or other assistance to look its best. Xeriscape landscaping conserves water and protects the environment by using plants which are adapted to the local climate.
In urban areas, about 25 percent of the water supply is used to water landscapes and gardens. In the summer, as much as 60 percent of the water the average household uses may be for landscape maintenance. Many traditional landscapes require large amounts of water, and much of this water is applied inefficiently.
The seven water-saving principles of Xeriscape landscaping are not new. By combining all seven into a comprehensive program of landscape water conservation is what makes Xeriscape landscaping unique. These principles are: 1) Planning and design; 2) Soil analysis and preparation; 3) Practical turf areas; 4) Appropriate plant selection; 5) Efficient irrigation; 6) Use of mulches; and 7) Appropriate maintenance.
Texas Sage, Russian Sage, Mexican Feather Grass, Butterfly Bushes and mulch
Find out more about Xeriscape landscaping:
- Xeriscape—Landscape Water Conservation (AgfiLife Extension publication)
- Aggie Horticulture
- Earth Wise Guide to Landscape Design
Butterfly Bushes, Mexican Feathergrass, Texas Sage, statuary, river rocks and mulch